What is Surgery?

In the context of podiatry, surgery refers to medical procedures performed on the feet, ankles, and lower extremities to correct deformities, relieve pain, and restore function. These surgeries can range from minor outpatient procedures, like removing ingrown toenails or bunion corrections, to more complex operations such as reconstructive surgery for severe injuries or deformities. Podiatric surgery is often considered after other, less invasive treatments have failed to provide relief or when structural abnormalities impede daily activities.

What are signs & symptoms indicating the need of Surgery?

Indications for podiatric surgery can include:

  • Persistent foot or ankle pain that interferes with daily activities
  • Structural abnormalities like bunions, hammertoes, or severe flat feet
  • Chronic conditions such as arthritis or tendinitis that have not improved with conservative treatment
  • Severe deformities resulting from injuries
  • Recurrent issues like ingrown toenails or plantar warts that do not respond to conservative treatments
  • Nerve conditions such as Morton’s neuroma causing significant discomfort

The decision for surgery is typically made after a thorough assessment by a podiatrist or orthopedic surgeon.

What are possible types and treatments in Podiatric Surgery?

Common types of podiatric surgeries include:

  • Bunionectomy to remove or realign a bunion
  • Correction of hammertoes
  • Removal of plantar warts or neuromas
  • Reconstructive surgery for foot deformities or injuries
  • Arthroscopy for joint problems
  • Fusion surgery (arthrodesis) for arthritis
  • Heel spur removal
  • Repair of torn ligaments or tendons

Post-surgery, patients may require a period of immobilization, physical therapy, and follow-up care to ensure proper healing and rehabilitation. The specific type of surgery and recovery plan will depend on the individual patient’s condition, overall health, and lifestyle needs.