What are Corns?

Corns are small, circular areas of thickened skin that develop due to excessive pressure or friction on the feet. They are particularly common on the toes and can be either hard or soft, depending on their location. Hard corns usually form on dry, flat surfaces of skin, often on the top of the toes or the side of the foot, while soft corns tend to develop between the toes where moisture is retained. Corns are a protective response by the skin to pressure and friction, often caused by ill-fitting shoes, abnormal walking patterns, or other underlying foot conditions.

What are signs & symptoms of Corns?

The presence of corns can be identified by:

  • Hard, raised bumps surrounded by inflamed skin
  • Pain or tenderness under the skin
  • Thick, rough areas of skin
  • Flaky, dry, or waxy skin

Corns can be painful when pressed and may cause discomfort when wearing shoes or walking, depending on their severity and location.

What are some treatments for Corns?

The treatment for corns generally involves reducing the pressure and friction causing them:

  • Using protective pads or cushions to relieve pressure
  • Wearing properly fitting shoes with ample toe room
  • Trimming or surgically removing the corn (by a healthcare professional)
  • Moisturizing creams to soften the skin
  • Orthotic inserts to correct foot abnormalities causing pressure

It’s crucial to address the underlying cause of corns to prevent recurrence. If corns persist or are particularly painful, consulting a podiatrist is advisable for specialized treatment.