What are Bunions?

A bunion is a bony, painful swelling that is often formed on the first joint of the big toe. Bunions can be extremely painful due to the weight of all your body resting on it each time you take a step. Everyday activities, such as walking and wearing shoes, can cause you extreme discomfort if you have a bunion.

Reasons that a person may develop a bunion can vary. Some patients may form bunions due to genetic factors, complications with arthritis, or a weak foot structure. General aging can also play a role in the formation of a bunion.

What are signs & symptoms of Bunions?

If you have a bunion, you may notice a bony bump on your big toe, experience swelling and redness, and the area may feel tender to the touch. 

  • A bulging bump on the outside of the base of the big toe
  • Swelling, redness, or soreness around the big toe joint
  • Persistent or intermittent pain
  • Restricted movement of the big toe
  • Corns or calluses where the toes overlap
  • Changes in the shape of the foot

What are some treatments for Bunions?

To help alleviate the pain that often comes with having a bunion, it’s suggested to maintain a healthy weight to help lessen the pressure on your toe, practice both heating and icing the affected area, wear wide-fitting shoes wear to leave plenty of space for your toes and to minimize rubbing, and look into shoe inserts that can help position your foot correctly. Some treatment options are:

  • Orthotic devices
  • Bunion pads and splints
  • Medications for pain relief
  • Physical therapy
  • Joint injections
  • Minimally invasive bunion surgery
  • Traditional bunionectomy

Because bunions can result in other painful foot problems, such as hammertoes and bursitis, we recommend that you meet with a podiatrist for a professional diagnosis and for information regarding all your treatment options.

At Western Reserve Foot Clinic, your foot health is our highest priority. We encourage you to consult with our professional podiatrists to explore the best treatment options for your specific condition. Our dedicated team is here to provide expert advice and care, tailored to your individual needs. Contact us today to schedule your consultation and take the first step towards effective and personalized bunion relief.